U.S., Army Transport Service, Passenger Lists, 1910-1939  

The U.S. Army Transport Service (ATS) was established in 1899 as part of the Army Quartermaster Department. It was originally created to manage the transport of troops and cargo on Army ships that travelled between U.S. and overseas ports during the Spanish-American War. During World War I, the Quartermaster Corps managed the Army's deep water fleet.

Black soldiers on World War I Army Transport Service ship (National Archives photo)
Black soldiers on World War I Army Transport Service ship (National Archives photo)

The records in this collection consist of passenger lists created between 1910 and 1939. These lists recorded details on all persons arriving at U.S. ports on ATS ships. In addition to troops, passengers could also include nurses and other support personnel, family members, and any other passengers who may have been traveling onboard these ships. It can also include soldiers that lost their lives and were transported for burial. In some instances, troops from other countries traveled on U.S. Army ships as well. Details recorded in these passenger lists typically include the following information.

• Ship name
• Arrival date and place
• Departure date and place
• Service member's name, rank, service number, age, residence, and next of kin
• Regiment, company, detachment, or other military unit
• For non-service members, relation to service member

If you find an ancestor in the Army Transport Service Lists, you will then want to see a photo of the ship that transported him or her. Ancestry LE also has this collection:

U.S., WWI Troop Transport Ships, 1918-1919

It includes photographs of many of the troop transport ships from WWI. Use the Browse function to easily search by ship name.

To locate these record collections in Ancestry LE, do the following:


You can use Ancestry LE at Central Library or any of our branches.

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