North of the Arctic Circle, located in Norway, is the world's largest secure seed storage. It was opened by the Norwegian Government in February 2008. There are over 860,000 types of seeds from around the world that are stored here in an effort to ensure against their loss in their natural habitats.
For the first time ever, researchers have had to withdraw seeds from the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. This occurred because a local seed bank in Syria was damaged in the country's civil war. The replacement seeds will be stored in Lebanon and Morocco. (See December 2015, Scientific American.com).
The Svalbard Global Seed Vault has the capacity to store 4.5 million different seed types. Seeds are packed in sealed bags inside sealed crates. The vault is stored 130 meters into the rock and 130 meters above sea level. To learn more, go to: http://www.regjeringen.no/en/topics/food-fisheries-and-agriculature/landbruk/.
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