Missouri, State Census Collection, 1844-1881  

This record collection in Ancestry Library Edition (Ancestry LE) might look like just the ticket for researching mid-19th century Missouri ancestors—but looks can be deceiving. A majority of census years in this collection provide coverage for one county only. Yes, that’s correct—one county only:

    1844—Calloway
    1856—Audrain
    1857—St. Louis
    1858—St. Louis
    1867—Cape Girardeau; Franklin; Greene
    1868—Cape Girardeau; Franklin
    1869—Franklin
    1873—Cole
    1876—28 counties included
    1880—Cass
    1881—Reynolds
    1887—Phelps (names taken from a list of landowners)

St. Louis City is covered by the 1857 & 1858 state censuses—and that’s it.

Search results in this record collection provide:

    Name
    Gender
    County of enumeration
    Marital status
    Race
    Age
    Birth location (1857 & 1858 only—and only state or country, not city or town)

Viewing the corresponding census image for a search result may provide additional information.

You can find this record collection this way:

SEARCH—CARD CATALOG—TITLE missouri state census

You can do a general search for St. Louis people this way:

SEARCH—KEYWORD “St. Louis” (Exact) YEAR of CENSUS 1857 (Exact) 1,790 hits
SEARCH—KEYWORD “St. Louis” (Exact) YEAR of CENSUS 1858 (Exact) 2,550 hits

You can also do a general search for persons who lived in a particular city ward:

SEARCH—KEYWORD “St. Louis Ward 1” (Exact) YEAR of CENSUS 1857 (Exact) 545 hits
 SEARCH—KEYWORD “St. Louis Ward 2” (Exact) YEAR of CENSUS 1857 (Exact) 651 hits
 SEARCH—KEYWORD “St. Louis Ward 3” (Exact) YEAR of CENSUS 1857 (Exact) 696 hits

You can also do a search for free persons of color appearing in the 1857 & 1858 St. Louis censuses:

SEARCH—KEYWORD “St. LouisBlack (Exact) YEAR of CENSUS 1857 (Exact) 99 hits
 SEARCH—KEYWORD “St. LouisBlack (Exact) YEAR of CENSUS 1858 (Exact) 47 hits

You can use Ancestry LE at Central Library or any of our branches.

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