Marine Hospital Quarantine Station

The Marine Hospital Quarantine Station was located on Staten Island, and operated from 1799 to 1858. It was a 20-building complex, including a small Female Hospital for pregnant ladies. Individuals aboard ships entering New York Harbor were examined and subjected to quarantine if found to be infected with contagious diseases like yellow fever. A shanty town grew up near the Quarantine Station where healthy relatives of confined persons waited for their family members to be released.

Apparently conditions at the Quarantine Station were appalling, as an angry mob burned it to the ground in 1858. Several sites, including a cemetery on the Quarantine Station grounds, were used for burials of persons who succumbed to their illnesses. Many burials were in unmarked/mass graves, including those at two sites (one is now a golf course) that do not have extant grave markers and are no longer recognizable as cemeteries.

Two years of listings for this cemetery (1849-1850) may be searched in Ancestry Library Edition (Ancestry LE) using the U.S., Find a Grave Index, 1600s-Current record collection. You can search for a specific individual, or you can search for burials in a particular year:

SEARCH—DEATH (Exact) 1849 CEMETERY Marine Hospital Quarantine (Exact) 216 hits

SEARCH—DEATH (Exact) 1850 CEMETERY Marine Hospital Quarantine (Exact) 145 hits

These cemetery listings may interest St. Louis genealogists with Irish ancestors, as many persons listed are Irish immigrants. If an Irish ancestor who immigrated in 1849-1850 suddenly disappeared from view, you may finally know the reason why.

You can use Ancestry LE at Central Library or any of our branches.

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