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There are many choices to use as bait, from concoctions in the kitchen to natural baits. The kind of bait that will get you the prize catch is using bait that the fish feed on.
Doughballs are the most popular homemade fish bait. They are easy to make. Experiment with many different ingredients such as flour, cereal, peanut butter, chicken, and a variety of other ingredients. Just make sure that the dough is firm enough to shape into balls to mold around your hook.
Natural baits are available in your own backyard or the area you fish in. One of the secrets to fishing with natural baits is to keep it alive. Avoid overcrowding the bait in the container and if water is needed keep the temperature cool to increase the oxygen level.
Before using any type of bait check the local regulations to see what can be used and what can be gathered to use as bait.
The earthworm is the most universal bait to catch fish with. Crickets and grasshoppers can be found in fields near the area you are fishing. You won't have trouble catching them at dawn when dew is on the ground. You can find crawfish along the edges of streams and ponds at night and keep them in a bait pail changing the water often. Look under rotting logs for grubs. Catching bait can be just as fun as actually fishing. Chunks of small fishes caught can be used as bait to catch larger fish.
The hook size is selected according to the bait size and when the bait is properly hooked and presented in a natural way, the fish will be nibbling in no time.
Article by: St. Louis Public Library staff